Discover more on Lake Nakuru National Park in Kenya Safari holidays

Lake Nakuru national park is a land of idyllic landscape and scenery and cover  a approximately 188kilometre square. It is located in the central of Kenya, Rift valley province, Nakuru district and is about 140km North West of Nairobi. The lake is an alkaline that attracts algae for the lesser and greater flamingos.

The greater flamingos are characterized by a red bill with black tip and a deep pink plumage is less commonly seen than the lesser flamingo, which is slightly smaller and has a pink bill and a white plumage.Image The greater feeds on shrimps and small fishes in the lake while the lesser feeds on blue – green alga which grows only in alkaline water. This is the park that guarantees you both the black rhinos and white rhinos with other magnificent wildlife.

The park is world known for its Millions of flamingos and other bird species with animals’ game viewing. The bird watcher’s paradise is what attracts lot of tourists to visit this park hence boosting Kenya safari tours. However, White pelicans can be seen at the southern end of the lake where they feed on tilapia fish, an alkaline-tolerant fish which were introduced into the lake to fight against mosquitoes and increase the population of pelicans.

The Park also contains Kenya’s largest population of rhinos. ImageThe surface of the lake occupies about a third of the park. The lake is fringed by alkaline swamps with areas of sedge, along the river inflows and springs. The surrounding areas support a dry transitional savanna with Lake Margin grasslands.

However, the number of Flamingos has been decreasing recently, perhaps due to too mass tourism, pollution resulting from industries waterworks nearby who dump waste into the waters or simply because of changes in water quality which makes the lake temporarily inhospitable

Traveling around the park is the hyrax hill prehistorically sites, the national Monument where you learn more facts on information on the existence of the various attraction sites in the area. In addition, is the Menegai crater known to be one of the largest calderas of the world and the largest in Kenya.

 

Sharon Sheery

Kenya safari tours

http://www.soinafricasafaris.com

 

Experience Maasai Mara scavengers in Kenya safaris

Maasai Mara in Kenya is the best park that guarantees you wildlife game viewing with great birding safari. Most of these wild animals dependents from each other for their survival in this ecological niche thus booking to Kenya safari holidays will enable you learn more on how these animals survive in their natural environment. Among the hyenas, jackals, marabou stork and vultures are known to be the scavengers of the Maasai Mara plains that clean up the Mara ecosystem. The park has various types of vultures namely;

African white-backed vultures

This type of vulture is the most common scavenger in Masai Mara.  These vultures can eat over one kg of meat in just two minutes and feed in large groups. They are found mostly resting on top of tall trees surveying the Mara plains so that they may spot any animal that might have been killed and thus became an advantage to them to feed on the left over.

Rüppell’s vultures

This type of vulture can be identified by their white streaked feathers and yellow beak. Unlike the other vultures that nest in trees, these birds hatch their chicks in tall cliffs far outside Masai Mara’s borders but later fly back when they are fully mature to scavenge in the Mara ecosystem.

Lappet-faced vultures  

Lappet –face vulture is one of the biggest vultures and are named for their bald, red heads. These vultures tend to travel in pairs and are dominant over all the other vultures in the Mara ecosystem. Given a whole gazelle they tear up and finish within seconds leaving behind only the carcasses to the hyenas.

White-headed vulture  

White-headed vulture are known to be rarest vultures in Masai Mara triangle, they are characterized with red-beaked, pale-faced birds. Not quite as big as the Lappet-faced vultures, tend to be shy and solitary nature and thus rarely seen.

Hooded vultures  

Hooded vultures are one of the smallest vultures and tend to pick around the edge of the carcass. They have a slightly more varied diet than the other vultures, sometimes they are spotted eating the dung of other animals or feeding at garbage dumps like elephant dung in the Mara ecosystem.

Black-backed jackals

Black-backed jackals are usually seen traveling in small groups or pairs. They are small in size but cunning and intelligent guys. They quickly snatch a piece of meat from vultures or hyenas and often rush into a carcass, steal a piece of meat, and run off with it.

Spotted hyenas  

Spotted hyenas are known for its laugh and thus reason why they are call laughing hyenas. Their sounds are often heard during the night when these carnivores are celebrating meat or hunting time. They have the greatest jaws which enable them to chew through even the toughest bones, making them formidable scavengers in the Maasai Mara national reserve.

Sharon Sheery

Kenya safari holidays

http://www.soinafricasafaris.com

Witness these greate cultures of the Maasai people in Kenya holidays

Kenya is well known to be inhabited by the Maasai people with typical cultures. These Maasai people express their cultures through various ceremonies and rituals. Among these ceremonies includes circumcision of  both  boys and girls, marriages, warrior shaving ceremony where the best shaver can be identify among the chosen group, meat eating ceremony where guys compete eating in different styles in the bush. Other ceremonies include milk-drinking ceremony among others. All these ceremonies signify a different meaning in the Maasai people.

Traditionally, boys and girls must undergo through these initiations for minors prior to circumcision. However, many of these initiations concern men while women’s initiations focus on circumcision and marriage and men form age-sets moving them closer to adulthood.

In addition to the Masai People, they  have a reputation of being fierce warriors by the society at large.Image . Warrior hood prepares the young males to be not only responsible for themselves but for their community as well. This is because they are known for their bravery and courage. Typically Masai warriors are never seen without their sharply honed spears during the entire life time. Their main responsibility is to protect the homestead, maintain water sources for the community, and protect the livestock from wild animals and theft. It is true that when they surrounded a marauding lion, they crossed on it and speared it to death without any fear. This is the reason why the lions fear guys with red shuka.

Masai women are in charge of taking care of the entire home like  milking cows, fetching water and firewood, bearing children as many as they can because  children are considered bringing wealth, preparing food for the entire family, repairing their homes, milking the cows and tending their small children. Children are taught to respect their elders, and they quickly learn the ways of Masai family life as they grow. Young girls are taught to care for domestic duties and boys are instructed in the care and protection of livestock from attack by wild animals.

ImageMoreover, their nomadic way of life led to no attachments to possessions, and togetherness banded by the age sets of those who underwent circumcision ritual together. Likewise, a Masai woman belongs to the entire age-set and sexual jealousy does not exist with these people as they are abiding with these norms traditions.

However, women do not have their own age-set but are recognized by that of their husbands.  Ceremonies are an expression of Maasai culture and every ceremony is a new beginning of life. They are rites of passage, and every Maasai child is eager to go through these vital stages of life. These cultures are of great values to Kenya and attract tourists from both locally and international tourists and thus Kenya safaris remain to be of more vital as far as wildlife and cultures are concern.

Sharon Sheery

Kenya safaris

http://www.soinafricasafaris.com

Kenya birding safaris

Kenya has one of the richest avifauna in Africa with about 1,090 species recorded. Around 170 of these are Palearctic migrants and at least a further 60 are intra-Africa migrants. Some 230 species are entirely forest dependent and 110 require undisturbed habitat.

Traveling in Kenya safaris is quite exciting. Apart from animal game viewing, Kenya holidays also offer you great birding safaris which enable you to witness millions of flamingos in Lake Nakuru, the various types of vultures in Maasai Mara.Image Other birds found in Maasai Mara include crested, lilac rollers, bastards, starlings, herons, fowls, ostriches among others. These birds not only has sell Maasai Mara as a tourist attraction but also   Kenya as the best destination in terms of wildlife game viewing and birding safaris.

Birding in Kenya is a whole year activity, however, the best time is between October and April when more than 120 migrant species have arrived from the Northern hemisphere, mostly from the Palearctic but with some African migrants such as Forbes-Watson’s Swift; there is also the chance of finding one of the passage migrants such as the Sooty Falcon in March-April and October-December.

Alternatively, if you’re interested in bird-ringing, the latter period is when there’s a large bird ringing exercise at Ngulia in Tsavo National Park. The coast is particularly good during this period with large flocks of water birds congregating at Mida Creek and Sabaki Estuary and Lamu, while the Rift Valley lakes attract a lot of northern waterfowl making Kenya as the best destination for birding safaris.

Travelers have a wide variety to choose between going for nature walk during his safaris or travel by vehicle during his photography safaris and enjoy all game birding safaris. Kenya offers the best opportunities for your photographic needs. If you are a nature lover, a people person or have a passion for scenaries, then look no further than a safari in Kenya. The suddenness of dawn in Kenya brings a quickening of the pulse.Image Now the lambent dawn floods the plains and the light flushes the shadows of night from the thickets, along hidden rills, and chases them across the tawny grasslands as the sun climbs, agile, over the curve of the equator. With these great birding safari, many leave have leave  great testimonies of the wonderful experience they encounter during their stay and many are yearning to come back for these ultimate experience.

Sharon Sheery

Kenya birding safaris

http://www.soinafricasafaris.com

Things that you didn’t know on Kenya elephants

Africa elephant weigh up to 6000 kg and can measure up to 3.3 m at the shoulder and known to be the world’s largest land mammal. It is characterized by its highly dexterous trunk, long curved tusks, and massive ears.

Elephants form huge part of popular culture especially in Africa and show up as metaphors across all media.Image They form a part of religious beliefs and are often associated with wisdom by most Africa countries. However, many people who live outside the normal range of elephants are unfamiliar with the many interesting facts about them.

The gestation period of an elephant is 22 months and give birth only one calf at a time though female elephant can adapt a calf of a different mother  and take care in case of any death  just like human being adapting. They also mourn for seven days in case of any death and bury their bodies just like human being.

We have several of species of elephants namely; the Asian elephant and the African bush elephant loxodonta and the African forest elephant loxodonta cyclones. The Asian elephant are known to be the smallest, and has small ears and tusks. They have two prominent bumps on their foreheads. They hold their heads more erect than both African elephants, have no protruding upper lip, and have a single short finger-like lip at the end of their trunk.

However, in African elephants both have larger ears, although the forest elephant has much rounder ears, are less hairy, have larger tusks, rounded foreheads, and have two finger-like lips on their trunks. Most elephants are most active during dawn and evening and female elephants live in a herd of about 10 individuals lead by the most experienced matriarch, whereas the males are normally solitary and move from herd to herd. The females in each herd help each other find food and care for calves as this is their responsibility.

Both male and female elephants possess tusks, which are modified incisor teeth. These tusks will continue to grow throughout the elephant’s life. Elephant tusks are used for digging, foraging, and using as defense mechanism during fight.Image Their large ears also serve many purposes. The ears’ large surface area helps radiate excess heat under the harsh African region and also use in communication though known to communicate through low frequency sounds called “rumbling which they understand each other well.

Human beings are the most threats to these animals when it comes to Kenya Africa elephant. Poaching is at high because of its value of ivory and thus may affect Kenya safaris in the near future. With these continuous poaching calls for Kenya government to enact tough laws to curb these menaces.

Sharon Sheery

Kenya safaris

http://www.soinafricasafaris.com

 

 

 

 

 

 

Learnt more on Kenya safari tours,the king of the jungle

Aside

The lion is a magnificent animal that appears as a symbol of power, courage and nobility on family crests, coats of arms and national flags just like in Kenya. Lions at one time were found from Greece through the Middle East to northern India, but today only a very small population remains in India. The lions are mostly found in Africa. Among the famous park in Kenya to view these prides includes Maasai Mara National reserve, Tsavo National park, and Amboseli National park among other parks in Kenya.

Lions are the laziest of the big cats though they are very brave when it comes to fighting or hunting. They  spend 15 to 20 hours a day sleeping and resting, devoting the remaining hours to hunting, courting or protecting their territory in case of any intruder . They communicate with one another by roaring loud enough to be heard in miles away.

The pride usually remains intact until the males are challenged and successfully driven away or killed by other males, who then take over the pride and rule the group .Not all lions live in prides. At maturity, young males leave the units of their birth and spend several months or years as nomads before they become strong enough to take over a pride of their own

Worldwide lion is known as the only truly social cats and live in groups called prides with a pack mentality that is usually led by the females. Male lions are known to defend the pride’s territory and protect the pride with cubs while females do most of the hunting. Despite this, the males eat first, then females and finally the cubs.  The gestation period of a lion is around 3 to 4 months and gives birth to two to four cubs with a lifespan of 13 years.

Physically lion have a tawny yellow color, lions and tend to be lighter in color in hot, arid areas and darker in areas of dense vegetation. Though mature male lions are unique among the cat species because  of  the thick brown  mane in the head and neck  and tends to grow  more blacker  with age which is a distinct feature for the male to identify. The tails of lions end in a horny spine covered with a tuft of hair. Lions are often seen in savannas, grasslands, dense bush and woodlands as these are known to be the best ecosystem for them.Image

In the pride, the territorial males are the fathers of all the cubs until he become weak, this is where a strong male lion may jet in and take over the pride by a strong fight that may result in wounding each other and thus the weaker male may surrender and quite the group. When a lioness is in heat, a male will join her, staying with her constantly. The pair usually mates for less than a minute, but it does so about every 15 to 30 minutes over a period of four to five days. They may often be seen in their honeymoon as spotted in Kenya safaris for a week as this is the time they start making their cubs. Lions may hunt at any hour, but like going after large prey at night but can live for two to three days without eating. They hunt together to increase their success rate by taming a prey in a group of four for easy capturing of the tamed prey.

Sharon Sheery

Kenya safari

http://www.soinafricasafaris.com

Learnt more about Rhino in Kenya safaris

The word rhinoceros is a combination of two Greek words rhino meaning nose and ceros meaning horn. There are five types of rhinoceros two for African namely white and black, and three for Asians greater one-homed, java and Sumatran but in Kenya we only have the white and black rhinos both found in Nakuru national park.

Rhinos are known to be the largest land mammals after the elephant and are herbivores and thus eat plants just like herbivores animals. Their physical features of white rhinos include square-shaped lips, suitable to graze on grass. Other rhinos prefer to eat the foliage of trees or twigs of trees in the bushes.

However, in Kenya safaris you have a chance to view both the black and white rhinos. Black rhino (Diceros bicornis) weigh about 2,400kg and live in various habitats, but mainly areas with dense, woody vegetation  while white rhino (Ceratotherium simum) weigh about 7,500kg and live in savannas with water holes, mud wallows and shade trees because they like wallowing in mud to keep off being bite by tsetse flies and other parasites.. (African rhinos). The Asian rhinos Sumatran  weighs (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis)  400kg.while  Javan Rhino (Rhinoceros sondaicus)  is  100kg and Indian Rhino (Rhinoceros unicornis) weigh more than 2000kg.

Rhinos are found in parts of Africa and Asia.Image They live in an ecosystem ranging from forest to savanna in tropical and subtropical regions. Since they are solitary animals both male and female rhinos have their territories. Males mark and defend their territories using their cow dugs. Rhinos use their horns not only in battles for territory but also to defend themselves from any dangers like the lions which might eat their young ones. Though researchers indicate that most of the rhinos fight during courtship and as a result, most get wounded.

ImageRhinos give birth to only one calf after 14 to 16 months but weaning up start after one year though the calf start eating plants after one week of calving. The closest rhino relationship is between a female and her calf, lasting from 2 to 4 years. As the older calves mature, they leave their mothers and may join other females and their young, where they are tolerated for some time before living completely on their own to survive in their natural habitat

Rhinos rank among the most endangered species on Earth. This is because of the value of their horns and thus, they face a serious threat from poaching which call for government intervention to curb this menace to increasing conservation and wildlife awareness, but efforts are underway to save the rhino from extinction as they are among the Kenya big five animals which attracted thousands of tourists in the country.

Summary of Rhinos

Scientific name: Black (Diceros bicornis), white (Ceratotherium simum)

Body size:               About 60 inches at the shoulder.

Body weight:         1 to 11/2 tons black rhino, over 2 tons white rhino

Lifespan:               35 to 40 years

Diet                         Grassland and open savannas

Gestation period:  14 to 16 months

Threats:                 Human beings

Sharon Sherry

Kenya safaris

soinafricasafaris.com